There are many different types of colleges in the U.S., and it can be confusing as a student to understand the differences between them and find out which is best for you. We have put together a simple guide to differentiate between the main types of colleges, universities, and career colleges:
Types of Colleges in the U.S. – Search for Colleges Here
Liberal Arts Colleges and Universities
- Private 4-Year and 2-Year
- Earn a Bachelor’s Degree or Higher
- Study wide range of courses
These colleges offer a broad base of courses in the liberal arts — literature, philosophy, history, languages, mathematics, humanities, and social and natural sciences. They typically offer four-year programs that lead to a bachelor’s degree; students usually take courses in a range of subjects during their first two years and then choose a major. These colleges prepare you for a variety of careers, as well as for graduate work in many fields, including professions such as law, medicine and business.
- Public and Private 4-Year
- Earn a Bachelor’s, Master’s, and Doctoral Degrees
- Larger and offer more majors and degree options
Universities may offer more majors than Liberal Art Colleges such as engineering, architecture, health and other programs. At most universities, you can earn bachelor’s, master’s and doctoral degrees. Most universities contain several smaller colleges; for example, colleges of agriculture, teaching, and liberal arts. You may have to apply to a specific college within the university and take most of your classes within that college. At a university, you can prepare for many types of careers or for further study in graduate school.
- 2-Year College
- Earn an Associate’s Degree
- Affordable, prepare you for career or 4-Year institution
These colleges prepare you to continue your education or to enter the workforce immediately. They offer associate degrees and certificate of completion, which get you ready to transfer to a four-year college and earn a bachelor’s degree.
Community colleges are often an affordable and convenient option; they charge relatively low tuition to in-state residents. Many students can also save money by living at home.
Career Colleges or Vo-Tech
- Career focused, not required to take Gen-Ed courses
- Earn an Certificate of Completion or Associates Degree
- Career readiness
A vo-tech or career college offers specialized training to students who are interested in a particular industry or career. You take classes only in your field of study — for example, culinary arts, firefighting, dental hygiene or medical-records technology.
*data pulled from The Chronicle of Higher Education Almanac Issue 2011-2012